Monday, June 19, 2017

USA Today: Colorado group wants to ban sale of smartphones for kids under 13

Colorado group wants to ban sale of smartphones for kids under 13

One Colorado man has decided that age 13 seems like a good cutoff. 
Tim Farnum is leading the charge on a proposed ballot initiative in Colorado that would be the first of its kind in the country. Farnum's proposal would ban the sale of smartphones to children younger than 13, or more likely, to parents who intend to give the smartphone to kids in that age bracket.
Farnum, a Denver-area anesthesiologist, is the founder of Parents Against Underage Smartphones, or PAUS, the nonprofit group pushing the proposal.

Read more at USA Today here 





Chairman of the Mobile Telecommunications and Health Research encourages young children not to use computer on lap.

BBC article from 2007 reveals some interesting information. Please see highlighted text from BBC article found here.



See a quote from the article.

"However, Professor Lawrie Challis, chairman of the Mobile Telecommunications and Health Research (MTHR) programme management committee, encourages young children not to use a computer on their lap and to place it on a table."


Tuesday, June 13, 2017

Lecture Series: Screen Time In Schools: Why Parents Should Care: Screentime Colorodo





April 20th, 2017 Screentime Colorado Symposium

Guest Speakers:
Victoria Dunckley, MD
Camilla Rees, MBA
Cheri Kiesecker
Cindy Eckard -
Tracy Markle, MA, LPC
Co-sponsored Heather Lahdenpera and Christine Zipps

"The growing trend of giving children one-to-one devices such as Chrome-books, laptops, virtual reality headsets, and iPads at school is increasing the amount of screen time our children experience daily.  According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, today's children are spending an average of SEVEN hours per day on entertainment media, including televisions, computers, cell or “smart” phones and other electronic devices.  Screen use and the electromagnetic radiation emitted The growing trend of giving children one-to-one devices such as Chrome-books, laptops, virtual reality headsets, and iPads at school is increasing the amount of screen time our children experience daily."    

All the lectures are online at https://youtu.be/Hu3-i3IOS44
Please go to the Screentime Colorado Website https://www.screentimecolorado.com/


Wednesday, June 7, 2017

Worcester Massachusetts Public Schools Website To Post Precautionary Guidelines on Wi-Fi Radiation

Worcester Massachusetts Public Schools Website To Post Precautionary Guidelines on Wi-Fi Radiation


(Worcester Massachusetts) The Worcester School Committee (WSC) on May 4, 2017 voted to authorize a “Precautionary Options on Radiofrequency Exposure” document regarding reducing exposure to radiation from wireless device use to be posted on the School System’s website and to be prominently posted in all public schools within the  Worcester Massachusetts school system.

The “Precautionary Options” document was developed by the Worcester School administration in response to a request from the WSC Standing Committee on Teaching, Learning and Teaching Supports (TLSS) to address the possible health risks of radiofrequency radiation exposure from wireless devices in the classroom. The document states, that although regulating agencies such as the EPA and the FCC have not established a link between mobile devices and cancer, “...they do offer some suggestions for those that are concerned about Radio Frequency (RF) exposure.”

The document  lists EPA and FDA guidance on how to to reduce exposure to radiofrequency radiation which includes; “Use a speakerphone, earpiece or headset; Increase the distance between wireless devices and your body.  Consider texting rather than talking; Consider not placing the device directly on your lap. Instead consider placing it on a hard surface such as a desk or book”.

The Worcester School Committee “Precautionary Options on Radiofrequency Exposure” can be found at http://wpsweb.com/sites/default/files/www/school_safety/radio_frequency.pdf

TLSS chair, Brian O’Connell says, the precautionary options reflect the Administration’s response to “concerns people may have.” He characterized the document as “a summary of safe and prudent practices”, and an informational statement presented “as a guideline and encouragement for people to think about the issue.”

TLSS vice-chair John Monfredo who called for the vote said, ”It’s time we ... at least acknowledge what health officials and scientists are saying about EMF….Let’s teach our children to use technology responsibly. Let’s do the right thing and be open minded on the issue...We have a moral obligation to our parents and our children to let them know what the research is saying.”

The Worcester Massachusetts School System continues enforcing an unrelated cell phone policy implemented in September 2016. It requires students to keep their phones powered off at all times during the school day to support them in focussing on school matters.

Mr. O’Connell and Mr. Monfredo have championed the cell phone/wi-fi radiation awareness issue since first meeting in August 2016. A retired principal and education columnist for two local publications,  Mr. Monfredo has written several articles about the issue while emphasizing the importance of using technology responsibly. Both School Committee Members have researched the EMF/RF issue and have consistently advised their colleagues about the wisdom of pursuing the Precautionary Principle.

News Articles on the Worcester School Committees Actions on Wi-Fi

Time For Everyone To Research The Health Affects Of Wireless Technology” John Monfredo, GoLocalWorcester, October 23, 2016,
Worcester school officials weigh risks of Wi-Fi signals”  Scott O’Connell Worcester Telegram & Gazette December 10, 2016
Worcester schools draft warning on wireless devices” Scott O’Connell, Worcester Telegram & Gazette,  April 25, 2017







Tuesday, May 16, 2017

CNN: Letting a baby play on an iPad might lead to speech delays, study says

Letting a baby play on an iPad might lead to speech delays, study says

Scotland: Sunday Post Article "Questions over whether wi-fi is safe for our kids"

Scotland Experts Are Raising Concerns About Wireless Health Risks !


EXPERTS are calling for a halt in the roll-out of wi-fi technology in Scotland’s classrooms.
Pupils as young as five are being encouraged to bring smartphones and tablets into lessons as part of a Government education strategy.
However, new research has concluded that wireless signals are “not completely safe near the human body” after finding that young rats exposed to the waves suffered brain tissue damage.
In several countries across Europe, authorities are already putting curbs on wi-fi in primary and nursery classes.
Now campaigners believe a moratorium on the gadgetry should be in place in Scottish schools too until further safety studies have taken place.
Neuroscientist Dr Sarah Starkey, of the information group wifiinschools.org.uk, claims the latest study should give education authorities cause to pause. She said: “This is one study in rats, but added to the others that have described changes in animals or associations in humans, it supports concerns that wi-fi can adversely affect development.
“From conception to their early twenties, the bodies and brains of children are developing which, according to some studies, makes them vulnerable to the effects of radiofrequency signals even within current safety limits.
“The Cyprus government advises pregnant women to keep wireless devices away from their unborn child and to use wired connections for their computers meanwhile studies from Sweden found that young people who first used a cordless phone under the age of 20 had higher risks of developing a tumour than adults.
“Most people trust official advice and do not question it but in Scotland the public and our decision-makers have not been accurately informed about the possible harmful effects of wireless signals.
“Children have the right to a safe environment and I think this means adapting technology in schools to wired-only connections and restricting mobile devices.”
The latest study by a team of biologists at the Tunisian universities of Carthage and Jendouba tested the effect of wi-fi radiation in an experiment involving 10 pregnant rats.
Half were exposed to waves from the antennae of a wireless modem – of a type used in schools – at a distance of 25cm for two hours a day.
And, after birth, their pups were monitored for six weeks under the same conditions.
The wi-fi didn’t interfere with the pregnancies and all the youngsters were born healthy. And though it didn’t affect their emotional behaviour or movements at later stages, the academics noticed that pups exposed to wireless emissions were slower to develop.
Tests also discovered that their brain tissue suffered from significantly elevated levels of oxidative stress – a process which causes damage to cells and can trigger cancer – though this trend was partially corrected as time went on.
The study held that wi-fi signal is not completely safe at home near the animal or human body.

Friday, April 28, 2017

School Board Candidate Raises Wireless Health Threat As The Most Pressing Issue Today For Students

David Morrison's full response to Portland school board candidate questionnaire in Oregon Live News 


What inspired you to run for the board?
My experience with PPS boards, with a few exceptions, has been disappointing in responding to critical safety issues. Chronic microwave exposure in schools has been shown, through scores of peer reviewed scientific studies, to lead to hundreds of immediate biological effects.
We need an unbiased critical review of our reliance on technology as a teaching tool.   There are now over 200 studies on technology in education that have shown negative effects on learning and cognition. Adolescent mental health problems have exploded by 50% in the last 10 years. Increasing numbers of children are being medicated for depression, anxiety and ADD.

What is the single most pressing issue facing Portland Public Schools and why?
The single most pressing issue that nobody can reasonably argue, is the safety of students, teachers and school staff. Students are exposed to seven hours of radio frequency microwave radiation from industrial strength wi-fi routers daily for as long as they are in school.
Despite widespread perception that wireless technology is safe, there is no regulatory agency of the government or corporation claiming wireless technology is safe.
No wireless device was ever pre-market safety tested leaving the technology industry unable to get liability insurance. School boards, in all probability, will be liable for damages from future lawsuits. 
Read the full news article here 
http://www.oregonlive.com/education/index.ssf/2017/04/david_morrisons_full_response.html

Worcester Massachuttsetts School District Drafts Warning on Wireless Devices

WORCESTER – The school district could soon warn families to take precautions against exposure to wireless Internet radiation, after a school standing committee this week approved a set of recommendations developed by the administration.
The new guidelines, which still must be approved by the full School Committee at its meeting Thursday, encourage technology users to avoid keeping cellphones, tablets and laptops close to their body, and to turn off the wireless connectivity on those devices when not using the internet.
The full list of recommendations, comprising five bullet points, will be posted to the district’s Web site and distributed to students in handouts later this school year should the committee give its OK, according to John Monfredo, vice chairman of the committee’s Teaching, Learning and Student Supports Standing Committee, which adopted the safety tips at its meeting Monday.
While health organizations have asserted extensive research into the matter has not produced any solid evidence that non-ionizing radiation given off by smartphones and Wi-Fi routers is harmful to humans, Mr. Monfredo said the school system still should make parents aware of any potential dangers.
“We don’t want, 10 years from now, to find out there was something we should have done,” he said. “We live in the 21st century. We know technology will continue to grow ... but we can’t be blind to the fact it may cause some problems.”
Hardly any school districts have officially considered electromagnetic radiation an issue, however. In the region, the Ashland schools were the first to implement recommended best practices for mobile devices, which some Worcester school officials have used as a basis to explore developing their own.

Victory in Spain: Two Year Fight To Remove Vodaphone Cell Antennas Near A School

"Today in Spain we have the news of the triumph of reason over greed. An antenna near a school has been dismantled. The fight has lasted two years."
http://www.20minutos.es/noticia/3023345/0/vodafone-retira-antena-telefonia-sant-boi-barcelona-litigio/


Read the parent blog here http://noantenasmarianao.blogspot.com.es

Thursday, April 27, 2017

Dr. Ronald Powell's Letter To Maryland Teacher Union About Their Report Which "Minimizes The Risk" of Cell Towers on School Grounds

Subject: MSEA Analysis of the Health Effects of Cell Towers on School Grounds Understates the Health Risks

April 27, 2017

TO:   Maryland State Education Association (MSEA)
Governance
Betty Weller, President
Cheryl Bost, Vice President
Bill Fisher, Treasurer
Maura Taylor, Executive Assistant
Angela Booker, Assistant
Executive Director
David Helfman, Executive Director
Members-at-Large
Michelle Alexander, Member-at-Large
Richard Benfer, Member-at-Large
Joseph Coughlin, Member-at-Large
Jason Fahie, Member-at-Large
Anna Gannon, Member-at-Large
Lori Hrinko, Member-at-Large
David Nicholson, Member-at-Large
Ted Payne, Member-at-Large
Doug Prouty, Member-at-Large
Deborah Schaefer, Member-at-Large
Rowena Shurn, Member-at-Large
NEA Directors
Jacob Bauer Zebley, NEA Director
Doug Lea, NEA Director
Russell Leone, NEA Director
Dear MSEA Leaders,

My respects to all of you for your efforts to provide the best education possible for all of Maryland's children.

I am writing to you because I have just read a document on the MSEA web site called "New Business Item 14-05:  Analysis of Cell Towers on Public School Property in Maryland", dated May 2015.  If I understand correctly, this document was prepared at the direction of the MSEA.
http://www.marylandeducators.org/sites/default/files/docs/communique/celltowernbifinal.pdf
As a scientist (Ph.D., Applied Physics), I was concerned to find that this document reflects multiple misunderstandings about the effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation (RF) on biological systems.  RF is emitted by all wireless devices, including cell towers and cell phones.  Below, I list just some of the generic short comings in the MSEA analysis:
  • The MSEA analysis cites only three biomedical research papers, selected apparently to show a lack of evidence of biological effects from RF.  But in reality there are THOUSANDS of papers published by the international biomedical research community that have contributed to our understanding of the biological effects of RF.
  • The MSEA analysis cites none of the massive reviews of the biological research literature on the biological effects of RF.  Nor does the MSEA analysis cite the fact that the conclusions reached in those massive reviews indicate that RF, including cellular radiation specifically, presents significant biological risks.  Each of those massive reviews addresses hundreds to thousands of archival biomedical research papers.
  • The MSEA analysis relies heavily on comparisons of the strength of RF to the exposure limits set by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC).  But those FCC limits are based on a false assumption that the only adverse biological effects produced by RF are caused by excessive heating from such exposure.  Those FCC limits do not protect against the biological effects caused by exposure to lower levels of RF on a chronic basis.  Such chronic exposure is the type produced by cell towers, which transmit continuously, 24 hours per day, every day of the year.
  • The MSEA analysis needs updating.  For example, the three papers cited in the MSEA analysis are all from 2010.  By that year, more than enough information had been published by the international biomedical research community to show that RF poses risks to health.  But in the seven years since then, even more biomedical research papers of relevance have been published and have further increased our understanding of the seriousness of those risks.
  • The MSEA analysis provides partial discussions of key concerns, while omitting the most important facts.  For example:
  • In the discussion of the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), the conclusion reached by that organization in 2011 is omitted.  That conclusion was that RF, including specifically cellular radiation, was classified as a Group 2B carcinogen, which means a "possible human carcinogen".
  • In the discussion of damage to DNA, RF is said to be unable to cause cancer because it cannot damage DNA by ionization.  Omitted from that discussion is the fact that ionization is not the only mechanism by which DNA can be damaged.  The international biomedical research community is working hard to determine how radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation damages DNA and is making progress.
For a broader overview of the relationship between RF and health, please see the attached two documents.  Each document will point you to multiple references that dig deeper.
You should know about a new report, just issued in December 2016 by the Maryland Children's Environmental Health and Protection Advisory Council (CEHPAC).  The Council advises Maryland's Governor on the health of the environment in Maryland's schools.  The CEHPAC report recommends that Wi-Fi be phased out of Maryland's schools because of the health risks that Wi-Fi presents.  In this report, CEHPAC indicates that it will next address cell phones in the schools.
http://phpa.dhmh.maryland.gov/OEHFP/EH/Pages/WiFiCEHPAC.aspx
Whatever the status of the use of Wi-Fi and other wireless devices in Maryland's schools, adding to the RF in the schools by installing cell towers on school grounds is very much to be avoided.

Any payments offered to a school by the providers of cell towers, as inducements to accept the cell towers, pale in comparison to the health risks for everyone in the schools and for everyone in the surrounding communities.

If interest persists in having a cell tower on the grounds of a particular school, despite the health risks, I hope that the school involved will consider the following three suggestions.  The assistance of an attorney would be advisable for the second and third suggestions which affect the terms in the contract with the provider of the cell tower:
  • INSIST that the company providing the cell tower give the school written, and signed, documentation proving the safety of the cell tower for the health of children and adults.  The documentation should be provided 6 months in advance of any decision by the school to proceed, in order to provide time for review by experts on the impact of RF on health.  Remember that the burden of proof of safety is on the company providing the cell tower.  There is no burden of proof on the school to prove that the cell tower is not safe.
  • INSIST that the contract with the company providing the cell tower acknowledges that the company accepts liability for all harm done to the health of anyone caused by the RF that the cell tower produces.
  • INSIST that the contract with the company providing the cell tower states that the company will remove the cell tower, and all supporting equipment, from the school grounds, at no cost or penalty to the school, if the SCHOOL later determines that the cell tower presents a health risk.
If the company providing the cell tower insists that the cell tower is safe but WON'T accept the above three requirements, then you will have your answer about how confident the company is that the RF from the cell tower is truly safe.

For the sake of the health of the children in our schools, the health of the faculty and staff in our schools, and the health of the community surrounding our schools, DO REJECT the installation of cell towers on school grounds.

There is no need to make a mistake as tragic as permitting the installation of cell towers on school grounds.  There is no reason that our children should be subject to an uncontrolled biological experiment for which the unhappy outcome is already known, in return for money.  There is no reason for our schools to become viewed as hostile by parents and surrounding communities, as public awareness of the health risks of RF, and cell towers as sources of RF, continues to increase.

Please feel free to share this message and the attached two papers with anyone you wish.  And thank you for your attention.



Who am I?

I am a retired U.S. Government career scientist (Ph.D., Applied Physics, Harvard University, 1975).  During my Government career, I worked for the Executive Office of the President of the United States, the National Science Foundation, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology.  For those organizations, respectively, I addressed Federal research and development program evaluation, energy policy research, and measurement development in support of the electronics and electrical-equipment industries and the biomedical research community.  I currently interact with other scientists and with physicians around the world on the impact of electromagnetic fields on human health.

Regards,

Ronald M. Powell, Ph.D.
20316 Highland Hall Drive
Montgomery Village, MD  20886-4007
United States of America
E-mail:  ronpowell@verizon.net
Tel:   (301) 926-7568

Wednesday, April 26, 2017

EFF Survey Reveals Gaps in Protecting the Privacy of K-12 Students Using School-Issued Devices and Cloud Apps


Today, EFF released its report titled "Spying on Students Ed Tech". It includes results from a national parents survey: 

EFF Survey Reveals Gaps in Protecting the Privacy of K-12 Students Using School-Issued Devices and Cloud Apps

“They are collecting and storing data to be used against my child in the future, creating a profile before he can intellectually understand the consequences of his searches and digital behavior."
This was the response of one parent to an online survey EFF conducted to learn more about the use of mobile devices and cloud services in K-12 classrooms across the country—so called education technology or “ed tech.”

The report is organized around 6 themes: 
  1. Lack of transparency: Schools and districts do not provide adequate notice and disclosures to parents about what technology their children use in the classroom, including devices and online applications that require transferring student information to private companies.
  2. Investigative burden: Parents and even students themselves put in significant effort, sometimes over many months, to get information from both schools/districts and ed tech companies, about technology use in the classroom and its implications for student privacy. 
  3. Data collection and use: Parents are concerned about the specific data about their children that ed tech companies collect, and what companies do with that data, particularly for non-educational, commercial purposes and without written notice to and consent from parents.
  4. Lack of standard privacy precautions: Survey participants reported 152 apps, software programs, and digital services being used in classrooms. Only 118 of these have published privacy policies online. And far fewer address important privacy issues such as data retention, encryption, and data de-identification and aggregation.
  5. Barriers to opt-out: Many schools and districts do not provide the ability for parents to opt their children out of using certain technologies. Or if administrators are open to providing an opt-out option, many parents and students have found it difficult to make alternative technologies and teaching methods a reality.
  6. Shortcomings of “Privacy by Policy”: Survey participants expressed doubt that the privacy policies of both schools/districts and ed tech companies actually protect student privacy in practice.
  7. Inadequate technology and privacy training for teachers: Survey participants emphatically reported that teachers, those who interface most directly with ed tech and students, lack adequate training to move from “privacy by policy” to “privacy by practice.”
  8. Digital literacy for students: Survey results revealed that there is a ripe opportunity and need to educate students about how to protect their privacy online, operate safely online, and generally be savvy users of technology, which are skills that they should carry into adulthood.
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2017/04/eff-releases-spying-students-ed-tech-report

MCPS Superintendent Jack Smith Refers to Outdated FCC Limits as "Safe" Despite No Proof Of Safety.

Please read this letter from Superintendent Jack Smith.



Screen Save of pertinent section from this letter.



Click Here To Read The Full Letter

In response we state that FCC regulations do not protect the public. 
Why is MCPS hanging onto outdated regulations?
Why is MCPS statin that FCC limits are "safe" when there is no proof of safety and countless organizations state concerns about these limits?

See this excerpt from Comments by Scientists to the State of Maryland:
"As the US EPA has detailed, FCC regulations were set intending to protect from thermal effects only and not intending to protect from non-thermal effects from long-term chronic exposures. Since, the World Health Organization’s International Agency for the Research on Cancer classified radiofrequency radiation as a Class 2 B Carcinogen in 2011, evidence has significantly increased that long-term radiofrequency radiation exposure causes cancer. It has been scientifically demonstrated that adverse biological effects can occur at non-thermal levels of radiofrequency fields. A recent animal study performed by the National Toxicology Program in the United States found an increased incidence of cancer and increased DNA damage in rats with prolonged exposure to radiofrequency fields that were too weak to increase temperature. Importantly, these adverse effects (and other effects now well documented in scientific literature) occurred at levels below those that cause “thermal” injury, contrary to what had long been espoused by the FCC. Therefore, FCC regulations do not provide adequate protection for children as the regulations do not account for biological effects at these non-thermal levels.  
The American Academy of Pediatrics has long called on the federal government to inform the public and to strengthen FCC limits because children are more vulnerable to radiofrequency radiation exposures due to their unique anatomy and physiology, and rapid development. Considering that children will have a lifetime of exposure, it is critically important to reduce childhood RF exposures in schools and homes and equally important to address the myriad of ways children are exposed be it from Wi-Fi, tablets and/or cell phones."


Sunday, April 16, 2017

Thursday, March 30, 2017

Baltimore Sun: Letter from Dr. Cindy Russell on The Health Risks of Wi-Fi In School

Baltimore Sun: Letter from Dr. Cindy Russell on The Health Risks of Wi-Fi In School
Thank you for publishing the recent commentary by Devra Lee Davis regarding limiting wifi in schools ("Wifi in Md. schools may put your kid at risk for cancer," March 24). I am pleased that the Children's Environmental Health and Protection Advisory Council looked at the science carefully before recommending precaution with our children's health by limiting wifi in schools.

Contrary to some criticism that "junk science" was used, I felt the council was both informed and balanced. There was an abundance of peer-reviewed scientific research in their materials presented that showed evidence of harm. Non-ionizing microwave radiation from wireless devices we commonly use has been shown in the broad scientific literature to impair sperm, cellular structures, plants, trees, animals and insects in addition to humans, and the research is growing. One only has to read the published science to be convinced this is an unaddressed important public health issue.

More science is needed, but at this stage, precaution is sensible and necessary, especially for children. People need to be more aware and concerned about this and not be lulled into complacency by those who ignore or dismiss a large body of science showing harm from this type of radiation. That is truly antiscience.


Dr. Cindy Russell, Portola Valley, Calif.

Read Dr. Russells article on Wi-Fi in Schools here. 

Are We Playing It Safe With Our Kids? Dr. Cindy Russell
The Santa Clara County Medical Association Bulletin 
March/April 2015



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Sunday, March 26, 2017

2.45 GHz Wi-Fi Microwave Radiation Induces DNA Damage in Ovaries and Testes of Rats

Short-duration exposure to 2.45 GHz microwave radiation induces DNA damage in Sprague Dawley rat’s reproductive systems
Usikalu, M. R.1 , Obembe, O. O.2 *, Akinyemi, M. L.1 and Zhu, J.3
This published paper is about 2.45 GHZ, the same radiation frequency used in Wi-Fi. 

The genotoxic effects of 2.45 GHz microwave (MW) radiation on the testis and ovary of Sprague Dawley rats was investigated. The animals were exposed to varying levels of specific absorption rate (SAR) of 0 (control), 0.48, 0.95, 1.43, 1.91, 2.39, 2.90, 3.40, 3.80 and 4.30 Wkg-1 , for 10 min. The induction of DNA damages was assessed using DNA direct amplification of length polymorphisms (DALP) and validated with single cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE) comet assay for same cells at SAR 2.39 Wkg-1 . Potential damage at the organ level was assessed by histopathological study. The results show significant differences in the Olive moment and % DNA in the blood of the exposed animals when compared with the control (p < 0.05). Hyperchromasia was observed in the ovary of the animals exposed to MW radiation. Also, there was reduction in the number of germ cells and cell disorganization in the testis of exposed group with increasing SARs. These results suggest that MW radiation has the potential to affect both male and female fertility adversely.

This is an image of damaged ovaries. 
"Our results reveal that short exposure to low level 2.45 GHz microwave radiation alters the DNA genome band pattern, causes DNA single strand break and modifies the cells in the testis and ovary of the exposed animals"

This is an image of damaged testes. 

Conclusion 
We reported for the first time, alteration in DNA bands pattern, single strand break and reduction in the number of male germ cells of Sprague Dawley rats as a result of exposure to 2.45 GHz microwave for just 10 min without change in body temperature. Our findings reveal that exposure to microwave radiation of 0.48 Wkg-1 and above produces genotoxic effects on testis and ovary as observed from the genomic result, comet assay and the histopathology results. Thus, there is high possibility of compromising the fertility in the exposed rats. Although, rats are known to be more metabolically active than humans, however, these results give an indication of possible long term effects that may be expected on the reproductive organs in humans when exposed at similar microwave radiation for a considerable period of time.
Download the full paper here.